Date and place
- January 16th, 1797, at La Favorita, near Mantua, northern Italy.
- French army (about 15,000 men) under General Napoleon Bonaparte.
- Austrian army (approximately 15,000 men) under Generals Dagobert Sigismund von Wurmser and Giovanni Provera.
Casualties and losses
- French army: 1,200 men killed or wounded, 1,800 prisoners.
- Austrian army: 1,300 men killed or injured, 4,700 prisoners, 22 cannons.
Aerial panorama of La Favorita battlefield
The Austrian general Dagobert Sigismund von Wurmser, besieged by French troops in Mantua since August 1796, attempted a sortie on 16 January 1797, coinciding with the arrival of a relief column commanded by General Giovanni Provera.
Provera had between 6,000 and 7,000 men. Wurmser had between 8,000 and 10,000 men. On 15 January, General Jean-Mathieu Philibert Sérurier could only muster 6,000 men. Rather than take advantage of their numerical superiority, the Austrian generals preferred to wait until the following day to engage in battle. They were probably convinced that Napoleon Bonaparte, who was fighting near Rivoli Veronese, 60 kilometres to the north, would not be able to intervene in time.
This miscalculation was to cost them dearly. On the 16th, at six o'clock in the morning, Wurmser set off to the north of the town to find Bonaparte's troops in front of him, having arrived during the night. Provera, for his part, was held back by the troops of Generals André Masséna and Victor (Claude-Victor Perrin), whom the French commander-in-chief had assembled and taken with him the day before. The Austrians soon realised that they would not be able to break through.
After several hours of fighting, Wurmser had no choice but to withdraw his troops to Mantua.
Provera, facing enemies nearly four times his own numbers after Charles Augereau's late arrival on the battlefield, had no choice but to lay down his arms. He did so at around ten in the morning, giving the order to his 6,700 soldiers, who joined the huge cohort of prisoners at Rivoli. In three days, the 42,000-strong Austrian army had lost 26,000 men.
After this battle, the surrender of Mantua could no longer be delayed. It took place on the following 2 February.