January – One can read a report from the police headquarters:
We secretly debit today that the First Consul having asked the Minister
of the Treasury four million for the trip to Lyon, the latter replied that
it was not possible to give, that extra 1,600,000 francs sufficed to Louis
XIV for such a journey; he soon felt the impropriety of his process, and
sent his resignation to the government, which has refused.
January – Departure from Napoleon Bonaparte to Lyons.
There should chair the Consulta of the Italian Republic. – 26
January – Election of Bonaparte as President of the Italian
Republic (Repubblica Italiana). – 31
January – Back to Paris.
February – The General Leclerc arrives in Saint-Domingue
with orders to suppress the revolt of Toussaint Louverture. – 20
February – Following reports of police headquarters:
city is now full of masks is particularly in the Rue St. Honoré and
those adjacent they are doing in droves. It engages the year at this kind
of entertainment with a kind of frenzy. – 24
Today looks like a holiday, we usually
deal with pleasure. – 25
In the midst of pleasures more noisy,
peace has continued to reign yesterday in Paris and the suburbs.
The masquerade has continued to roam
the streets, squares, docks and bridges, until nightfall ... The pleasures
have not been quieter in the suburbs than within the city. The working class
gives himself completely...
March – Following reports of police headquarters:
day passed as the previous pleasure in feasting and dancing ... it is impossible
to describe how far we pushed the year madness masquerades and disguises.
March – The Directorate General of Public Instruction
replaces the Service of Science and Arts. – 17
March – Eleven archbishops and bishops are removed from
the list of émigrés by order of the First Consul. – 18
March – Two hundred and forty members of the Legislature
and eighty members of the Tribunes are deprived Senatus consultum the right
to stand for election. Among them are major opposition leaders: Pierre Daunou,
Maximin Isnard, Benjamin Constant. – 19
March – Napoleon Bonaparte visits the National Library,
located at the Louvre.
He was particularly attached, says
the Gazette de France,
to examine the medals, including those of Alexander
and Caesar set appeared more special attention. He also looked forward
to the arms of Henri IV, which he wielded the sword, he even measured.
March – Establishment of a committee responsible for drafting
the Code of Civil Procedure. – 25
March – Peace is signed in Amiens with England. – 27
March – Bonaparte shows for the first time in civilian
clothes. He wears the dress of embroidered state councilors, with white
stockings and shoes with buckles.
April – The legislative body listens to a speech by Jean-Etienne
Portalis. This tends to prove that religion adopted and recognized by the
State is necessary and that the Catholic religion in this regard deserves
preference. – 7
April – The Tribunes adopt the Concordat by a majority
of 78 votes against 7. – 8
April – The Concordat is adopted by the legislative body
by 228 votes against 21. It will come into effect by Act of 18 Germinal,
year X. – 9
April – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Caprara, papal legate,
is received by the First Consul. 15 000 francs are allocated to each newly
for expenses. Bishops receive 10 000 francs only.
April – Monseigneur Jean-Baptiste de Belloy, 92 years
old, is installed at Notre-Dame as archbishop of Paris. – 11
April – A special council chaired by First Consul Napoleon
Bonaparte meets at Malmaison to prepare an act of amnesty for immigrants.
April – François-René de Chateaubriand publishes
The Spirit of Christianity and dedicates it to the
First Consul. – 18
April – Easter Sunday. The consuls attend the celebration
of the first religious holiday of the Consulate, at Notre-Dame-de-Paris.
Official proclamation of the Concordat throughout France. – 20
April – Bonaparte orders the conversion of his bathroom
into a chapel,
putting over the ice table, or a tapestry.
April – Amnesty is granted by Senatus consultum to any
individual not yet removed from the list of emigrants who returns to France
later than 23 September 1802 and who is willing to swear the new government.
May – A law establishes the system of public education.
May – Declaration of Napoleon Bonaparte to the Council
Never has the military government will take in France,
unless the nation is stupefied by fifty years of ignorance ... It is not
as general as I govern, but because the nation believes that I have the
qualities unique to civilian government. – 6
May – The Tribunes proposes
that is given to General
Bonaparte, First Consul, a striking pledge of national recognition.
May – General Delmas, Colonel Fournier and squadron leader
Donnadieu stopped. They are accused of preparing the assassination of Bonaparte.
May – Senator Augustin de Lespinasse proposes to appoint
Bonaparte consul for life. A Senatus consultum declaring elected First Consul
"for ten Years immediately following ten years for which he was named" brings
together 61 votes against 2.
9 May –
Napoleon Bonaparte says in a message of thanks sent to the Senate:
vote of the people invested me the highest office. I do not think myself
sure of his confidence, if the act is not sanctioned by a vote.
May – A consular decree announces the holding of a plebiscite.
Will Napoleon Bonaparte be consul for life?.
May – Amnesty is granted for crimes of desertion committed
on French territory by noncommissioned officers and soldiers of the French
troops. – 18
May – A law provides for the levying of sixty thousand
conscripts. – 19
May – The Legion of Honor is established by a law which
collects 166 votes against 110. – 20
May – The slave trade is reestablished by law and upheld
slavery in French colonies
in accordance with laws and regulations
prior to 1789. – 28
May – The Prefect of Police informs Bonaparte a conspiracy
has been organized against him by Bernadotte. – 30
May – Circular of the Minister of Police to the prefects
I think, citizen Prefect, it's my duty to warn you
against all rumors with which it seeks to disturb and make fools in departments.
Paris is quiet and can not be shaken;, no conspiracy has threatened days
of the First Consul; he can have nothing to fear except excessive work and
sleepless nights which he dedicates to interests of the Republic.
7 June – In Santo Domingo, Toussaint Louverture is arrested. – 24 June – In Rennes, General Simon, Chief of Staff of Bernadotte at the army of the West, is arrested with some of his officers. They are accused of plotting to raise arms against the tyrant Bonaparte.
July – The construction of the Quai d'Orsay is decided
by consular decree. – 8
July – In accordance with Article 16 of the Concordat,
the Pope appoints five French cardinals. Among them, Monsignor Joseph Fesch,
Napoleon's uncle. – 14
July – Proclamation of the First Consul to the French
After thirteen years of work, the 14th of July is more precious
for you, more majestic for posterity. You have overcome all obstacles, and
your destiny is fulfilled.
July – Napoleon Bonaparte to the Dey of Algiers:
you do not suppress the license of your ministers who dare insult my agents,
and of your ships who dare insult my flag, I'll land 80 000 men on
your side and I'll destroy your regency.
2nd August – Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed First Consul for life by the Senate. – 4 August – The Constitution of year VIII is overhauled by Senatus consultum. The prefects are invited by a ministerial circular to celebrate the anniversary of the birth of the First Consul. – 15 August – The First Consul's birthday is celebrated with great pomp. – 20 August – On the occasion of a representation of Andromaque by Jean Racine, the First Consul, accompanied by Madame Bonaparte, takes possession of the box specially fixed up for him at the French Theater. – 21 August – Bonaparte chairs the Senate for the first time. – 27 August – Incorporation of the island of Elba into France. – 31 August – The Dey of Algiers accepts Bonaparte's claims.
11 September – Piedmont is united to France by Senatus consultum. – 13 September – At Saint-Domingue, uprising of black slaves. – 15 September – Removing of Joseph Fouché's Department of General Police. – 20 September – Installation of Napoleon Bonaparte at the palace of Saint-Cloud. – 22 September – Bonaparte visits the Exhibition of National Industry in the Louvre and the Salon of Painting and Sculpture. – 30 September – First Consul requires Swiss cantons to accept his mediation about conflict between the Federalists and the Unitarians.
4 October – The National Guard, "daughter" of the French Revolution, becomes Municipal Guard.
19 November – The Directorate General of Museums is created. – 22 November – Four "ladies" (Mesdames de Luçay, de Talhouët, de Lauriston et de Rémusatt) are designated for service with Josephine.
5 December – The British ambassador presents his credentials to the First Consul in solemn audience. For this occasion Napoleon Bonaparte features, at the hilt of his sword, a diamond known as The Regent. – 7 December – Employees of direct contributions receive an uniform and a sword. – 10 December – A decree provides that Latin and Mathematics are the main lessons taught in high schools. – 23 December – Magistracy find back its former costume. – 24 December – Solemn installation of the first President of the Court, Jean-Mathieu Seguier. He is a returned emigrant after Brumaire, the son of a famous Attorney General of the former regime. – 27 December – Installation of Chief of Justice Claude-Ambroise Régnier, preceded by a mass celebrated in the great hall of the Law Courts by the Archbishop of Paris.